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  • Post subject: What is the figure of speech here? Share us
Posted: Thu Feb 25, 2010 9:01 pm 
مشرف موسوعة الأدب الانجليزي
مشرف موسوعة الأدب الانجليزي
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Hi my friends *1

This is my second topic in this section. :D  Today I'm gonna post a very important topic ( to those who are interested in analysing literature). I hope you will find  the benifit in it. These are the most 20 common figures of speech. Under each one there are many examples, I tried to reduce them and choose the best.


A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways. Though there are hundreds of figures of speech, here we'll focus on just 20 of the most common figures. You will probably remember many of these terms from your English classes. Figurative language is often associated with literature--and with poetry in particular. But the fact is, whether we're conscious of it or not, we use figures of speech every day in our own writing and conversations. For example, common expressions such as "falling in love," "racking our brains," "hitting a  figure of all. Likewise, we rely on similes when making explicit comparisons ("light as a feather") and hyperbole to emphasize a point ("I'm starving!"). Using original figures of speech in our writing is a way to convey meanings in fresh, unexpected ways. Figures can help our readers understand and stay interested in what we have to say.


1 - Alliteration :  The repetition of an initial consonant sound. Adjective: alliterative.
Examples and Observations:
• "You'll never put a better bit of butter on your knife." (advertising slogan for Country Life butter)
• "The soul selects her own society." (Emily Dickinson)
Pronunciation: ah-lit-err-RAY-shun
Also Known As: head rhyme, initial rhyme, front rhyme.

2 - Anaphora (rhetoric) : A rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase at the start of successive clauses.
Etymology: From the Greek, "carrying back"
Examples:
•"I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country. What I had was a coat, a hat and a gun."  (Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely)
• "We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender." (Winston Churchill, speech to the House of Commons, June 4, 1940)
• "I'm not afraid to die. I'm not afraid to live. I'm not afraid to fail. I'm not afraid to succeed. I'm not afraid to fall in love. I'm not afraid to be alone. I'm just afraid I might have to stop talking about myself for five minutes." (Kinky Friedman, When the Cat's Away)
Pronunciation: ah-NAF-oh-rah
Also Known As: epanaphora, iteratio, relatio, repetitio, report

3 - Antithesis : The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases or clauses. Plural: antitheses. Adjective: antithetical.
Etymology: From the Greek, "opposition"
Examples:
• "Love is an ideal thing, marriage a real thing." (Goethe)
• "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way."
(Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities)
Pronunciation: an-TITH-uh-sis

4 - Apostrophe : A figure of speech in which some absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed as if present and capable of understanding.
Etymology: From the Greek, "turning away"
Examples:
• "O western wind, when wilt thou blow
That the small rain down can rain?"
(anonymous, 16th c.)
• "Hello darkness, my old friend
I've come to talk with you again . . .."
(Paul Simon, "The Sounds of Silence")
• "Blue Moon, you saw me standing alone
Without a dream in my heart
Without a love of my own."
(Lorenz Hart, "Blue Moon")
Pronunciation: ah-POS-tro-fee
Also Known As: turne tale, aversio, aversion

5 - Assonance : Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.
Etymology: From the Latin, "sound"
Examples:
• "Those images that yet
Fresh images beget,
That dolphin-torn, that gong-tormented sea."
(W.B. Yeats, "Byzantium")
• "The spider skins lie on their sides, translucent and ragged, their legs drying in knots."
(Annie Dillard, Holy the Firm)
• "It beats as it sweeps as it cleans."
(Slogan for Hoover vacuum cleaners)
• "I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless."
(Thin Lizzy, "With Love")
Observations:
• "Beware of excessive assonance. Any assonance that draws attention to itself is excessive." (John Earle, A Simple Grammar of English, 1898)
• "Assonance, (or medial rime) is the agreement in the vowel sounds of two or more words, when the consonant sounds preceding and following these vowels do not agree. Thus, strike and grind, hat and man, 'rime' with each other according to the laws of assonance." (J.W. Bright, Elements of English Versification, 1910)
• "The terms alliteration, assonance, and rhyme identify kinds of recurring sound that in practice are often freely mixed together. . . . It may not be easy or useful to decide where one stops and another starts." (Tom McArthur, The Oxford Companion to the English Language, 1992)
Pronunciation: ASS-a-nins
Also Known As: medial rhyme (or rime)

6 - Chiasmus : A verbal pattern (a type of antithesis) in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed. Essentially the same as antimetabole. (Note that a chiasmus includes anadiplosis, but not every anadiplosis reverses itself in the manner of a chiasmus.) Adjective: chiastic.
Etymology: From the Greek, "to invert" or "mark with the letter X."
Examples:
• "Nice to see you, to see you, nice!"
(British TV entertainer Bruce Forsyth)
• "You forget what you want to remember, and you remember what you want to forget."
(Cormac McCarthy, The Road, Knopf, 2006)
• "I flee who chases me, and chase who flees me." (Ovid)
• "Fair is foul, and foul is fair."  (William Shakespeare, Macbeth I.i)
• "Your manuscript is both good and original; but the part that is good is not original, and the part that is original is not good." (Samuel Johnson)
• "If black men have no rights in the eyes of the white men, of course the whites can have none in the eyes of the blacks." (Frederick Douglass, "An Appeal to Congress for Impartial Suffrage")
• "The art of progress is to preserve order amid change and to preserve change amid order." (Alfred North Whitehead)
• "The value of marriage is not that adults produce children, but that children produce adults." (Peter De Vries)
• "You can take it out of the country, but you can't take the country out of it." (slogan for Salem cigarettes)
• "My job is not to represent Washington to you, but to represent you to Washington." (Barack Obama)
Pronunciation: ki-AZ-mus
Also Known As: antimetabole, epanodos

7 - Euphemism : Substitution of an inoffensive term (such as "passed away") for one considered offensively explicit ("died"). Adjective: euphemistic.
Etymology: From the Greek, "use of good words"
Examples and Observations:
• Dr. House: I'm busy.
Thirteen: We need you to . . .
Dr. House: Actually, as you can see, I'm not busy. It's just a euphemism for "get the hell out of here."
("Dying Changes Everything," House, M.D.)
• Dr. House: Who were you going to kill in Bolivia? My old housekeeper?
Dr. Terzi: We don't kill anyone.
Dr. House: I'm sorry--who were you going to marginalize?
("Whatever It Takes," House, M.D.)
• Dan Foreman: Guys, I feel very terrible about what I'm about to say. But I'm afraid you're both being let go.
Lou: Let go? What does that mean?
Dan Foreman: It means you're being fired, Louie.
(In Good Company, 2004)
• "Euphemisms are not, as many young people think, useless verbiage for that which can and should be said bluntly; they are like secret agents on a delicate mission, they must airily pass by a stinking mess with barely so much as a nod of the head. Euphemisms are unpleasant truths wearing diplomatic cologne." (Quentin Crisp, Manners from Heaven, 1984)
Pronunciation: YOO-fuh-miz-em
Also Known As: soft language, euphemismus, conciliatio, paradiastole, soother

8 - Hyperbole : A figure of speech (a form of irony) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement. Adjective: hyperbolic.
Etymology: From the Greek, "excess"
Examples and Observations:
• "Ladies and gentlemen, I've been to Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan, and I can say without hyperbole that this is a million times worse than all of them put together."
(Kent Brockman, The Simpsons)
• "If we're going to start crucifying people for hyperbole in this society, there's going to be a long line. If I were writing a diet book, I wouldn't say, 'It's going to take a lot of work and it'll be a pain in the butt.' I'd say, 'Thin thighs in 30 days!'" (Matthew Lesko. The Week, August 3, 2007)
Pronunciation: hi-PURR-buh-lee
Also Known As: overstatement, exuperatio

9 - Irony : The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; a statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea. Three kinds of irony are commonly recognized:
1. Verbal irony is a trope in which the intended meaning of a statement differs from the meaning that the words appear to express.
2. Situational irony involves an incongruity between what is expected or intended and what actually occurs.
3. Dramatic irony is an effect produced by a narrative in which the audience knows more about present or future circumstances than a character in the story.
Etymology: From Greek, "feigned ignorance"
Examples & Observations:
• "Oh, What a felicity is it to mankind that they cannot see into the hearts of one another."  ( Defoe: Moll Flanders)
• "Irony has always been a primary tool the under-powered use to tear at the over-powered in our culture. But now irony has become the bait that media corporations use to appeal to educated consumers. . . . It's almost an ultimate irony that those who say they don't like TV will sit and watch TV as long as the hosts of their favorite shows act like they don't like TV, either. Somewhere in this swirl of droll poses and pseudo-insights, irony itself becomes a kind of mass therapy for a politically confused culture. It offers a comfortable space where complicity doesn't feel like complicity. It makes you feel like you are counter-cultural while never requiring you to leave the mainstream culture it has so much fun teasing. We are happy enough with this therapy that we feel no need to enact social change." (Dan French, review of The Daily Show, 2001)
Pronunciation: I-ruh-nee
Also Known As: eironeia, illusio, dry mock

10 - Litotes:  A figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.
Etymology: From the Greek, "plainness, simplicity"
Examples:
• "The grave's a fine a private place,
But none, I think, do there embrace."
(Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress")
• "We are not amused."
(attributed to Queen Victoria)
• "'Not a bad day's work on the whole,' he muttered, as he quietly took off his mask, and his pale, fox-like eyes glittered in the red glow of the fire. 'Not a bad day's work.'" (Baroness Emmuska Orczy, The Scarlet Pimpernel, 1905)
• "for life's not a paragraph
And death I think is no parenthesis"
(e.e. cummings, "since feeling is first")
Pronunciation: LI-toe-teez

11 - Metaphor : A figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common. A metaphor expresses the unfamiliar (the tenor) in terms of the familiar (the vehicle). When Neil Young sings, "Love is a rose," "rose" is the vehicle for "love," the tenor. (In cognitive linguistics, the terms target and source are roughly equivalent to tenor and vehicle.) Adjective: metaphorical.
Types of Metaphors: absolute, complex, conceptual, conventional, creative, dead, extended, grammatical, mixed, primary, root, structural, submerged, therapeutic, visual
Etymology: From the Greek, "carrying over"
Examples:
• "Between the lower east side tenements
the sky is a snotty handkerchief."
(Marge Piercy, "The Butt of Winter")
• "The streets were a furnace, the sun an executioner."
(Cynthia Ozick, "Rosa")
• "But my heart is a lonely hunter that hunts on a lonely hill."
(William Sharp, "The Lonely Hunter")
• "Men's words are bullets, that their enemies take up and make use of against them."
(George Savile, Maxims of State)
• "A man may break a word with you, sir, and words are but wind."
(Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors)
• "The rain came down in long knitting needles."
(Enid Bagnold, National Velvet)
• Lenny: Hey, maybe there is no cabin. Maybe it's one of them metaphorical things.
Carl: Oh yeah, yeah. Like maybe the cabin is the place inside each of us, created by our goodwill and teamwork.
Lenny: Nah, they said there would be sandwiches.
(The Simpsons)
• "Memory is a crazy woman that hoards colored rags and throws away food."
(Austin O'Malley, Keystones of Thought)
• "It would be more illuminating . . . to say that the metaphor creates the similarity than to say that it formulates some similarity antecedently existing." (Max Black, Models and Metaphors, 1962)
Pronunciation: MET-ah-for
Also Known As: lexical metaphor

12 - Metonymy : A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty"). Metonymy is also the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it, such as describing someone's clothing to characterize the individual. Adjective: metonymic.
Etymology: From the Greek, "change of name"
Examples & Observations:
• "Many standard items of vocabulary are metonymic. A red-letter day is important, like the feast days marked in red on church calendars. . . . On the level of slang, a redneck is a stereotypical member of the white rural working class in the Southern U.S., originally a reference to necks sunburned from working in the fields." (Connie Eble, "Metonymy." The Oxford Companion to the English Language, 1992)
• "Detroit is still hard at work on an SUV that runs on rain forest trees and panda blood."
(Conan O'Brien)
• "Metonymy is common in cigarette advertising in countries where legislation prohibits depictions of the cigarettes themselves or of people using them." (Daniel Chandler, Semiotics. Routledge, 2007)
• "I stopped at a bar and had a couple of double Scotches. They didn't do me any good. All they did was make me think of Silver Wig, and I never saw her again." (Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep)
• The White House asked the television networks for air time on Monday night.
•"The B.L.T. left without paying."
(waitress referring to a customer)
• "Metaphor creates the relation between its objects, while metonymy presupposes that relation." (Hugh Bredin, "Metonymy." Poetics Today, 1984)
Pronunciation: me-TON-uh-me
Also Known As: denominatio, misnamer, transmutation

13 - Onomatopoeia : The formation or use of words (such as hiss or murmur) that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Adjective: onomatopoeic or onomatopoetic.
Etymology: From the Latin, "make names"
Examples and Observations:
• "I'm getting married in the morning!
Ding dong! the bells are gonna chime."
(Lerner and Loewe, "Get Me to the Church on Time," My Fair Lady)
• "Onomatopoeia every time I see ya
My senses tell me hubba
And I just can't disagree.
I get a feeling in my heart that I can't describe. . . .

It's sort of whack, whir, wheeze, whine
Sputter, splat, squirt, scrape
Clink, clank, clunk, clatter
Crash, bang, beep, buzz
Ring, rip, roar, retch
Twang, toot, tinkle, thud
Pop, plop, plunk, pow
Snort, snuck, sniff, smack
Screech, splash, squish, squeak
Jingle, rattle, squeal, boing
Honk, hoot, hack, belch."
(Todd Rundgren, "Onomatopoeia")
• "Plop, plop, fizz, fizz, oh what a relief it is."
(slogan of Alka Seltzer, U.S.)
• "Plink, plink, fizz, fizz"
(Alka Seltzer, U.K.)
• "Klunk! Klick! Every trip"
(U.K. promotion for seat belts)
• "[Aredelia] found Starling in the warm laundry room, dozing against the slow rump-rump of a washing machine." (Thomas Harris, Silence of the Lambs)
• "Bang! went the pistol,
Crash! went the window
Ouch! went the son of a gun.
Onomatopoeia--
I don't want to see ya
Speaking in a foreign tongue."
(John Prine, "Onomatopoeia")
• "Linguists almost always begin discussions about onomatopoeia with observations like the following: the snip of a pair of scissors is su-su in Chinese, cri-cri in Italian, riqui-riqui in Spanish, terre-terre in Portuguese, krits-krits in modern Greek. . . . Some linguists gleefully expose the conventional nature of these words, as if revealing a fraud." (Earl Anderson, A Grammar of Iconism. Fairleigh Dickinson, 1999)
Pronunciation: ON-a-MAT-a-PEE-a
Also Known As: echo word

14 - Oxymoron:  A figure of speech in which incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side; a compressed paradox. Adjective: oxymoronic.
Etymology: From the Greek, "sharp-dull"
Examples & Observations:
• "O brawling love! O loving hate! . . .
O heavy lightness! serious vanity!
Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms!
Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!
Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!
This love feel I, that feel no love in this."
(William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet)
• "A yawn may be defined as a silent yell."
(G.K. Chesterton)
• "O miserable abundance, O beggarly riches!"
(John Donne, Devotions Upon Emergent Occasions)
• "That building is a little bit big and pretty ugly." (James Thurber)
• "'I want to move with all deliberate haste,' said President-elect Barack Obama at his first, brief press conference after his election, 'but I emphasize "deliberate" as well as "haste."'
• "It’s not easy to be both deliberate and hasty at the same time unless you are consciously embracing an oxymoron--from the Greek word meaning 'pointedly foolish'--and it is a jarring juxtaposition of contradictory words like 'cruel kindness' and 'thunderous silence.'" (William Safire, "Frugalista." The New York Times, Nov. 21, 2008)
• "A log palace is an architectural as well as a verbal oxymoron; so is a short skyscraper, or an urban villa."
(J. F. O'Gorman and Dennis E. McGrath, ABC of Architecture. Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1998)
• the expressions "act naturally," "original copy," "found missing," "alone together," "peace force," "definite possibility," "terribly pleased," "real phony," "ill health," "turn up missing," "jumbo shrimp," "alone together," "loose tights," "small crowd," and "clearly misunderstood"
Pronunciation: ox-see-MOR-on

15 - Paradox : A statement that appears to contradict itself. Adjective: paradoxical.
Etymology: From the Greek, "incredible, contrary to opinion or expectation"
Examples and Observations:
• "If you wish to preserve your secret, wrap it up in frankness."
(Alexander Smith)
• "A dog growls when it's angry, and wags its tale when it's pleased. Now I growl when I'm pleased and wag my tale when I'm angry."  (The Cheshire Cat in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland)
• "War is peace."
"Freedom is slavery."
"Ignorance is strength."
(George Orwell, 1984)
• "Paradox of Success: the more successful a policy is in warding off some unwanted condition the less necessary it will be thought to maintain it. If a threat is successfully suppressed, people naturally wonder why we should any longer bother with it." (James Piereson, "On the Paradox of Success." Real Clear Politics, Sep. 11, 2006)
Pronunciation: PAR-a-dox

16 - Personification : A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is given human qualities or abilities.
Examples and Observations:
• As personifications of their respective nations, England and the U.S., John Bull and Uncle Sam became popular during the 19th century.
• The wind stood up and gave a shout.
He whistled on his fingers and
Kicked the withered leaves about
And thumped the branches with his hand
And said he'd kill and kill and kill,
And so he will and so he will.
(James Stephens, "The Wind")
• "The operation is over. On the table, the knife lies spent, on its side, the bloody meal smear-dried upon its flanks. The knife rests." (Richard Selzer, "The Knife")
• "Personification, with allegory, was the literary rage in the 18th century, but it goes against the modern grain and today is the feeblest of metaphorical devices." (Rene Cappon, Associated Press Guide to News Writing, 2000)
• "The road isn't built that can make it breathe hard!"
(slogan for Chevrolet automobiles)
"Fear knocked on the door. Faith answered. There was no one there."
(proverb quoted by Christopher Moltisanti, The Sopranos)
Pronunciation: per-SON-if-i-KAY-shun
Also Known As: prosopopoeia

17 - Pun : A play on words, either on different senses of the same word or on the similar sense or sound of different words.
Etymology: Uncertain
Examples:
• "When it rains, it pours."
(advertising slogan for Morton Salt)
• "When it pours, it reigns."
(slogan of Michelin tires)
• "What food these morsels be!"
(slogan of Heinz pickles, 1938)
• "Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight"
(Dylan Thomas, "Do not go gentle into that good night")
• "Look deep into our ryes."
(slogan of Wigler's Bakery)
• "Hanging is too good for a man who makes puns; he should be drawn and quoted." (Fred Allen)
• "Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana." (Groucho Marx)
• "Punning is an art of harmonious jingling upon words, which, passing in at the ears, excites a titillary motion in those parts; and this, being conveyed by the animal spirits into the muscles of the face, raises the cockles of the heart." (Jonathan Swift)
• "A pun is not bound by the laws which limit nicer wit. It is a pistol let off at the ear; not a feather to tickle the intellect." (Charles Lamb)
• "All obscene puns have the same underlying construction in that they consist of two elements. The first element sets the stage for the pun by offering seemingly harmless material, such as the title of a book, The Tiger's Revenge. But the second element either is obscene in itself or renders the first element obscene as in the name of the author of The Tiger's Revenge--Claude Bawls." (Peter Farb, Word Play, 1974)
• "To pun is to treat homonyms as synonyms."
(Walter Redfern, Puns, 1974)
Pronunciation: pun
Also Known As: paronomasia

18 - Simile : A figure of speech in which two fundamentally unlike things are explicitly compared, usually in a phrase introduced by "like" or "as".
Etymology: From Latin, "likeness" or "comparison"
Examples and Observations:
• "He was like a cock who thought the sun had risen to hear him crow."
(George Eliot, Adam Bede)
• "Human speech is like a cracked cauldron on which we bang out tunes that make bears dance, when we want to move the stars to pity." (Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary)
• "Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time, and sometimes you weep."
(Carl Sandburg)
• "My face looks like a wedding-cake left out in the rain." (W.H. Auden)
• "The simile sets two ideas side by side; in the metaphor they become superimposed." (F.L. Lucas)
• "She dealt with moral problems as a cleaver deals with meat." (James Joyce, "The Boarding House")
• "She has a voice like a baritone sax issuing from an oil drum, and hams even with her silences." (John Simon, reviewing Kathleen Turner in Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, April 2005)
• "Good coffee is like friendship: rich and warm and strong." (slogan of Pan-American Coffee Bureau)
• "Life is rather like a tin of sardines: we're all of us looking for the key." (Alan Bennett)
Pronunciation: SIM-i-lee

19 - Synecdoche : A figure of speech in which a part is used to represent the whole, the whole for a part, the specific for the general, the general for the specific, or the material for the thing made from it. Considered by some to be a form of metonymy. Adjective: synecdochic or synecdochal.
Etymology: From the Greek, "shared understanding"
Examples and Observations:
• "The sputtering economy could make the difference if you're trying to get a deal on a new set of wheels." (Al Vaughters, WIVB.com, Nov. 21, 2008)
• General Motors announced cutbacks.
• "Take thy face hence." (William Shakespeare, Macbeth)
• white-collar criminals
• "In photographic and filmic media a close-up is a simple synecdoche--a part representing the whole. . . . Synecdoche invites or expects the viewer to 'fill in the gaps' and advertisements frequently employ this trope." (Daniel Chandler, Semiotics: The Basics. Routledge, 2002)
• "The daily press, the immediate media, is superb at synecdoche, at giving us a small thing that stands for a much larger thing." (Bruce Jackson)
• Brazil won the soccer match.
Pronunciation: si-NEK-di-key
Also Known As: intellectio, quick conceit

20 - Understatement : A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is. Contrast with hyperbole.
Examples and Observations:
• "It's just a flesh wound."
(Black Knight, after having both of his arms cut off, in Monty Python and the Holy Grail)
• "The grave's a fine and private place,
But none, I think, do there embrace."
(Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress")
Pronunciation: UN-der-STATE-ment
Also Known As: litotes

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Last edited by Odysseus on Sat Feb 27, 2010 6:18 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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  • Post subject: The Top 20 Figures of Speech
Posted: Fri Feb 26, 2010 12:16 am 
آرتيني متميّز
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What I can say .. You are my best friend and I am so happy to read your nice topics like this 1.. Thank you Alaa 4 these nice information that give me a large knowledge


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  • Post subject: The Top 20 Figures of Speech
Posted: Fri Feb 26, 2010 4:48 am 
آرتيني مؤسس
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Ala Al-Ibrahim,
What a topic! It is the first time I come across such information.  :)
Thank you very much indeed for enriching this section of such a great topic. Well, I'll read it carefully and comment on it soon.

Actually, I have a question. Is there any way to make this topic a practical one; in other words, to apply what is written on some literary texts? You may provide us with some texts and make us an exam  :mrgreen:

Sticky  *1

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  • Post subject: The Top 20 Figures of Speech
Posted: Fri Feb 26, 2010 7:07 am 
مشرف الكمبيوتر و الانترنت
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What that means ????? :mrgreen:

It's really Great topic and it can be so useful to me in Renaissance Poetry  :cry:

Thank you my friend  *1  

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...أبداً لَنْ يحيا الرمادْ ..


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  • Post subject: The Top 20 Figures of Speech
Posted: Sat Feb 27, 2010 6:14 pm 
مشرف موسوعة الأدب الانجليزي
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حلواني You are welcome dear Fadi  *1

ابراهيم محمد
Do not say that you haven't passed "Renaissance Poetry" subject till now !!!!!!! :shock:
What about you my friend?  Isn't poetry your favourite  subject?
Study well and I'm sure you will pass it. Dr. Mahel wants direct answers. Just go directly to the answer in the very first sentence and you will get a very high mark. God Bless you Ibrahimovitch :mrgreen:   *1

عبير
Thank you for your kind words. Your suggestion is very nice and I'm going to start right now. But you have to put in mind that I'm not a doctor yet :mrgreen: but I will  do my best.

Now, the first exam;  :mrgreen:
- What is/are the figure(s) of speech in the following quote?

My lady's presence makes the rose red,
Because to see her lips they blush for shame;
The lilies' leaves for envy pale became,
And her white hands in them this envy bred;
The marigold abroad the leaves did spread;
Because the sun's and her power is the same.


Note: I will give an exam every ten days, God Willing. The winner's prize is a sandwich of Shawerma :mrgreen:  :mrgreen:

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  • Post subject: What is the figure of speech here? Share us
Posted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 4:14 am 
آرتيني مؤسس
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Ala Al-Ibrahim,  
What an amazing topic! It's really very useful and it is comprehensive also  :wink: God bless your hands  *1
And really Abeer's suggestion is amazing thanx Abeer  *ورود

I'll try to solve the first exam after reading it carefully coz I wanna get the prize  :mrgreen:

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  • Post subject: What is the figure of speech here? Share us
Posted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 5:56 pm 
مشرفة قسم Say It in English
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Ala Al-Ibrahim,  

What you wrote is very important  *good  *good  *good
I can say that your topic reflects your love to poetry  :wink:
Really , it is a very useful topic , and you are distinct as usual  *ورود  *1
Quote:

Note: I will give an exam every ten days, God Willing. The winner's prize is a sandwich of Shawerma  

What a delicious prize ! *sla
If you promise to bring it from your brother's shop , I'll share with you  :mrgreen:

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  • Post subject: What is the figure of speech here? Share us
Posted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 9:23 pm 
آرتيني فعّال
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Great topic,  *good
Ala Al-Ibrahim,  who can say that you are not creative??
I will try to read this topic each time you post some new exam :mrgreen:
Good Luck *1

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  • Post subject: What is the figure of speech here? Share us
Posted: Mon Mar 01, 2010 4:22 am 
مشرف موسوعة الأدب الانجليزي
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Raghad,  

You're welcome; I'm waiting your answer. :wink:  
Quote:
I'll try to solve the first exam after reading it carefully coz I wanna get the prize

I'm ready. :mrgreen:   *1

سيرين,  
Quote:
If you promise to bring it from your brother's shop , I'll share with you


Of course from my brother's. :mrgreen:  So let me see your answer. :mrgreen:
*1

Nawal8q
Long Time no See!!!  :D  :D
You're the most welcome Nawal. Try to give answers also. :mrgreen:   *ورود

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  • Post subject: What is the figure of speech here? Share us
Posted: Mon Mar 08, 2010 4:03 am 
آرتيني مؤسس
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Ala Al-Ibrahim,  
I'm sorry for being late  :oops:
I'll try now and please tell me if my answer is right or not  :mrgreen:
Quote:
My lady's presence makes the rose red,

I think here we have an "alliteration"
Quote:
The lilies' leaves for envy pale became,

The same thing applies here  :wink:
Quote:
1 - Alliteration :  The repetition of an initial consonant sound.

 *1  *1  *1  Thanx again for this nice topic

When can I get the prize?  :mrgreen: Come on I'm hungry now  :mrgreen:

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